New studies on the emotional development of babies have shown that infants can actually understand more than people usually imagine. The emotional development of an infant is considered to be the foundation of the social behavior of the adult, being at the same time an important influential factor on the way children are able to relate with other individuals, both in the early and middle-childhood and in adolescence.
Parents have an important influence on the emotional development of infants and the newest studies in this field have proved that babies possess a wide range of emotions. Through emotions, infants are actually able to communicate with their parents, even before learning to speak. Infants can accurately interpret the facial expressions and the voice tone of their parents. Babies are able to show both positive and negative emotions. The positive emotions of a baby will most likely be shown through smiles and laughing, while the negative ones will be indicated by crying and sadness, as well as anxious behavior. Parents usually manage to interpret well their infants’ emotions. For example, a baby will cry when feeling hunger or tiredness, but also when experiencing new, strange situations. For a normal emotional development, infants need a lot of care and attention, mostly during the first two years of life. A baby who has never been neglected will have a normal emotional development and will become an emotionally strong children and later on, a secure adult.
During the first months of life, the baby learns to recognize the touch of a person. Picking up the child is important for a normal emotional development, as the baby will be comforted this way. Starting with the fourth month of life, an infant will be able to recognize his family. If the baby becomes very curious about everything happening around him, parents should encourage him, as this is part of his normal emotional development. Grabbing things to put them into his mouth is also very normal for all babies. At eight months, a baby will start developing a sense of self, while his emotional development continues with the young child becoming more independent of his parents, as he develops self-consciousness. At eighteen months, the child will start remembering things. All strong emotional events in this stage of emotional development will most likely have long lasting effects on the behavior of a child, this is why parents should offer the baby constant care and attention, while understanding all steps of a normal emotional development.