Emotional development comes about with maturity. For a child, emotions are something very new. As they grow and mature, the process of emotional development becomes complete. The experiences they live make children better able to handle turmoil when it happens. Emotional development is also a way of learning to deal with emotions in a proper way, especially when their range of emotions is so wide: from happiness to anger. When we talk about emotional development in children, we are referring to the children’s growing ability to identify and understand their feelings, accurately read and understand the feelings of others, manage and shape the way they behave and feel, develop empathy for the others, and building and keeping good relationships with friends, family and others.
One of the most important aspects of emotional development is that in the first years, children are not able to manage for themselves the way they feel. Thus, the parents are the ones who keep these feelings under control. Especially with young children, there can be a feeling of frustration, because there is a large gap between the things they want to do and the things they are allowed to do. More often than not, this results in the child throwing a tantrum.
The emotional development of children is greatly influenced by the quality of the relationship that is developed between themselves and the parents. The way in which parents interact with their child has a lot to do with the child’s emotional development. Children learn to manage their emotions by watching how the other members of the family express and manage their emotions. In terms of emotional development, parents are the key role players in modeling how to respond to strong feelings.
Here are some tips on how to support the emotional development of your child. First of all, you should keep the emotional climate of your home calm, warm and predictable. Then, read stories to children and talk about the different feelings that characters in the book may be having. Talking with your child about emotions helps your child to better understand their feelings. Thus, your child will experience a correct and harmonious emotional development. Last but not least, try and encourage the child to talk about the situations when he feels angry, happy or excited.